Battle Royale

Editing – Breaking the 180-degree rule (Part 4)

So far, we have limited ourselves to studying the different effects of breaking the 180-degree rule from the standpoint of the story. But storytelling is not all about the story. Crossing the action plane can also be a way of pushing the audience around and spreading a bit of panic as they struggle Continue reading

Editing – Breaking the 180-degree rule (Part 3)

In part 3, we will see that inverting characters’ positions on screen by breaking the 180-degree rule is a common way to bring out a shift in power between opposing characters. The temporary loss of bearings it causes on the audience’s side is also very frequently used to describe minor to major turning points Continue reading

Editing – Breaking the 180-degree rule (Part 2)

As we saw in part 1, breaking the 180-degree rule can have a disruptive effect on the audience, which can prove very helpful when tackling disruptive kinds of situations, like a character harassing another one, barging into a relationship or splitting off from a group. Continue reading

Editing – The 30-degree rule (Part 1)

The 30-degree rule is a very important film editing guideline. It is also perhaps one of the most misunderstood. The ‘rule’ states that if two shots of the same subject are to be edited together and the scale of the shots doesn’t change significantly, the camera should move at least 30 degrees Continue reading

Scaling down – Cut out (Part 2)

In part 1, we saw how cut-outs could be used to reveal context and action, but what about exposing characters? How about creating space to unbalance the frame so that we expect a subject to show up and fill the void? Continue reading

Scaling down – Zoom out (Part 1)

By widening our vision field, zoom-outs give a broader view of the stage while at the same time objectifying characters by scaling them down. This twofold effect has a number of important uses. Continue reading

Scaling up – Zoom in (Part 2)

With all the pinpointing and focusing of zoom-ins we came across in part 1, it almost seems that we have forgotten about the emotional aspect of magnifying subjects on screen. Continue reading