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Editing – Montage (Part 3)

Alright, we’ve been around montage for condensing time and space, let’s continue our tour with montage for condensing information, from depicting environments, events or characters, to flashbacks, evocations, assumptions and deductions. Continue reading

Repetition – Two-way, multiple and chain reactions

Unquestionably, reaction shots are great storytelling assets, but as we will see in this article, repetition can really take them to new heights. In fact, techniques such as two-way, multiple and chain reactions are so important that entire scenes can be built upon them Continue reading

Editing pattern – Three ways to cut on the look and back (Part 1)

Cutting on the look from a looking character to whatever-is-drawing-his-attention is great, but the story doesn’t end there. Once we have figured out the situation, we (very) often want to cut back to the character and see him reacting. Continue reading

Editing pattern – Cut on the look (Part 3)

Although the cut on the look — either objective or subjective — is already a very efficient technique as such, it is still possible to increase its effect with simple tricks. Let’s ‘look-what‘ we’ve got here. Continue reading

Editing pattern – Cut on the look (Part 2)

Cutting on the look to a subjective shot might be the most straightforward answer to the question: “What is that character looking at?”, as we do it through his eyes. Not only do we fully identify with the looking character, but we can also focus on the ‘what‘ without worrying about anything else. Continue reading

Scaling down – Cut out (Part 1)

Like cut-ins, cut-outs are ubiquitous in movies, to say the least. A cut-out is nothing but an instant truck-out or zoom-out, transitioning from one shot to a wider shot along the same axis. Continue reading

Alternating truck-ins and truck-outs

It might seem counterintuitive to truck in then truck out (or vice versa) in the same shot, or series of shots. But like zoom-ins and zoom-outs, truck-ins and truck-outs have a whole range of meanings Continue reading

Scaling down – Truck out (Part 2)

And now for the emotional and design effects of truck-outs. In part 2, we will see how scaling characters down by trucking out can tell us about their minds and feelings, as well as disconnect them from the audience Continue reading

Scaling down – Truck out (Part 1)

A truck-out is the opposite of a truck-in. Instead of moving forwards, the camera pulls back along its view axis to scale down the characters and their environment. Unlike zoom-outs, the camera actually moves backwards Continue reading

Editing pattern – Alternate scale-ups (Part 2)

Now that we have seen the effect of alternating shots of characters moving towards the camera or alternating zoom-ins, let’s study the effect of alternating truck-ins and even combinations of different scale-up techniques Continue reading