E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial

Editing – Multiple angles of the same subject

Editing together multiple angles of the same subject for the sake of cutting is usually not considered ‘best practice’…unless you do it repeatedly! Properly done, the result yields another powerful storytelling technique. Continue reading

Repetition – Two-way, multiple and chain reactions

Unquestionably, reaction shots are great storytelling assets, but as we will see in this article, repetition can really take them to new heights. In fact, techniques such as two-way, multiple and chain reactions are so important that entire scenes can be built upon them Continue reading

Repetition – Fixed angle

Before moving on to a thorough discussion on repetition in film storytelling, let me dwell for a page on the concept of fixed angle. A fixed angle is a shot configuration that is used more than once in a movie in order to make a specific place or action sink deep into the audience’s mind. Continue reading

Scaling down – Truck out (Part 1)

A truck-out is the opposite of a truck-in. Instead of moving forwards, the camera pulls back along its view axis to scale down the characters and their environment. Unlike zoom-outs, the camera actually moves backwards Continue reading

Scaling up – Truck in (Part 2)

In this page, we will see how truck-ins can be used to depict characters’ emotions and mental activity. As before, in order to let you compare the differences between truck-ins and zoom-ins, both articles share the same structure. Continue reading

Dynamic occlusion – Opening

In Lens flares – In motion, we came across a classic use of lens flares ‘opening’ a shot to introduce a character. Let’s expand that to other types of occluders in order to clear up a confusing state or situation, to scare the audience or Continue reading

Dynamic occlusion – Closing shots

In Lens flares – In motion, we saw how flares could be used to ‘close’ the final shot of a film. Similarly, any type of dynamic overlays covering characters enough to make the audience lose contact with them Continue reading