For a Few Dollars More

Repetition – Two-way, multiple and chain reactions

Unquestionably, reaction shots are great storytelling assets, but as we will see in this article, repetition can really take them to new heights. In fact, techniques such as two-way, multiple and chain reactions are so important that entire scenes can be built upon them Continue reading

Editing pattern – Reverse cut on the look

So far, we have studied the cut on the look for all it’s worth. But equally important is the ‘reverse cut on the lookediting pattern. Cutting from the looking character to what is grabbing his attention is merely done in reverse: The ‘what’ is displayed just before we see the character looking at it Continue reading

Editing – Breaking the 180-degree rule (Part 1)

Now that we have spent some time demonstrating the virtues of the 180-degree rule, let’s have it the opposite way. There are many reasons why you would want to deliberately ‘break the rule’ and step through the looking glass. Continue reading

Editing – The 30-degree rule (Part 2)

In part 1, we went through two most common infringements to the 30-degree rule and saw how to keep away from them. But is the ‘rule’ always reliable? As we will see, it is certainly not bulletproof. Continue reading

Scaling down – Zoom out (Part 2)

Here we go with the emotional aspect of zooming out. Scaling characters down by zooming out on them objectifies their figures and make them look isolated or defeated. But design and speed also have an important role Continue reading

Scaling down – Zoom out (Part 1)

By widening our vision field, zoom-outs give a broader view of the stage while at the same time objectifying characters by scaling them down. This twofold effect has a number of important uses. Continue reading

Scaling down – Have subjects move to the background (Part 1)

Making characters move towards the background scales them down on screen. Unsurprisingly, the emotional response from the audience is more or less the opposite to that associated to having them come to the foreground. But shrinking characters in the frame comes with Continue reading

Scaling up – Truck in (Part 1)

Trucking in (or tracking/dollying/moving in) is moving the camera towards a subject along an axis, scaling its shape much like a zoom-in. But unlike zoom-ins, truck-ins make the audience feel they are moving in space Continue reading

Scaling up – Have subjects come to the foreground (Part 2)

In part 1, we ran into the descriptive power of characters coming to the foreground. We will now investigate the emotional aspect of this technique with characters coming close to the camera Continue reading