Gandhi

Editing – Montage (Part 2)

Let’s now get into the heart of the topic: montage for condensing time and space. After introducing montage as a way to display methodical actions, we will now review how this storytelling technique can help depicting trips and territorial expansions, the passing of time, Continue reading

Repetition – Two-way, multiple and chain reactions

Unquestionably, reaction shots are great storytelling assets, but as we will see in this article, repetition can really take them to new heights. In fact, techniques such as two-way, multiple and chain reactions are so important that entire scenes can be built upon them Continue reading

Editing pattern – Cut on the look (Part 3)

Although the cut on the look — either objective or subjective — is already a very efficient technique as such, it is still possible to increase its effect with simple tricks. Let’s ‘look-what‘ we’ve got here. Continue reading

Editing pattern – Cut on the look (Part 2)

Cutting on the look to a subjective shot might be the most straightforward answer to the question: “What is that character looking at?”, as we do it through his eyes. Not only do we fully identify with the looking character, but we can also focus on the ‘what‘ without worrying about anything else. Continue reading

Editing – Breaking the 180-degree rule (Part 1)

Now that we have spent some time demonstrating the virtues of the 180-degree rule, let’s have it the opposite way. There are many reasons why you would want to deliberately ‘break the rule’ and step through the looking glass. Continue reading

Alternating truck-ins and truck-outs

It might seem counterintuitive to truck in then truck out (or vice versa) in the same shot, or series of shots. But like zoom-ins and zoom-outs, truck-ins and truck-outs have a whole range of meanings Continue reading

Scaling down – Truck out (Part 1)

A truck-out is the opposite of a truck-in. Instead of moving forwards, the camera pulls back along its view axis to scale down the characters and their environment. Unlike zoom-outs, the camera actually moves backwards Continue reading

Scaling up – Have subjects come to the foreground (Part 1)

Scripts very often need subjects to become scaled up on screen without changing the viewing axis. Exploring the hows and whys of this need will eventually lead us to cut-ins, but before we get there, Continue reading

Dynamic occlusion – Opening

In Lens flares – In motion, we came across a classic use of lens flares ‘opening’ a shot to introduce a character. Let’s expand that to other types of occluders in order to clear up a confusing state or situation, to scare the audience or Continue reading