The Graduate

Editing – From short to subliminal shot

What’s the difference [eat at Joe’s] between a very short shot and a subliminal shot? Answer: Not much. Sure… but let’s put it another way: Does shortening a shot to a single frame [eat at Joe’s] makes it subliminal? And what does [eat at Joe’s] subliminal mean anyway? Continue reading

Repetition – Time compression and dilation (Part 1)

Repetition can hugely impact our perception of time. A long sequence can be radically shrunk to bring out its repetitive nature, while fast motion can be stretched out to emphasize its importance in the narrative. Continue reading

Editing – Alternatives to the ‘cut on the look’ (Part 2)

Moving the camera or characters is not the only alternative to cutting on the look. There are plenty of other creative ways to draw the audience’s attention from the looking character to what he is looking at — and vice versa — in one shot, without the need to cut, Continue reading

Editing – The 30-degree rule (Part 1)

The 30-degree rule is a very important film editing guideline. It is also perhaps one of the most misunderstood. The ‘rule’ states that if two shots of the same subject are to be edited together and the scale of the shots doesn’t change significantly, the camera should move at least 30 degrees Continue reading

Focus – Perception and confusion (Part 2)

In part 1, we saw how focus could ‘flesh out’ characters’ mental representations of a subject. Let’s dig a little deeper with unawareness and confusion, both closely related with characters’ mind and perception. Continue reading

Focus – Linking vs isolating

In this article, we will study focus for its natural ability to both link and isolate subjects. Focus is unbeatable when it comes to linking characters to their context. Conversely, focus is the perfect tool for separating Continue reading

Frame blockers – Single blocker

In the previous series, we saw how inserting large ‘bands’ in the frame could pressurize characters by eating up screen space. But usually, those ‘bands’ don’t play an active role in the story. So let’s go one step further with frame ‘blockers’, special kinds of ‘bands’ Continue reading