The Lord of the Rings – The Fellowship of the Ring

Scaling down – Zoom out (Part 1)

By widening our vision field, zoom-outs give a broader view of the stage while at the same time objectifying characters by scaling them down. This twofold effect has a number of important uses. Continue reading

Editing pattern – Alternate scale-ups (Part 2)

Now that we have seen the effect of alternating shots of characters moving towards the camera or alternating zoom-ins, let’s study the effect of alternating truck-ins and even combinations of different scale-up techniques Continue reading

Scaling up – Truck in (Part 3)

The emotional meaning of some truck-ins we came across in parts 1 & 2 can be extended in a variety of ways to thrill or scare the audience, sometimes in conspicuous and sophisticated designs. As a reminder, Continue reading

Focus – Pointing vs Concealing (Part 1)

In many ways, ‘focus blur’ is very similar to the concept of ‘translucent overlay’, which is why it shows up now. If you think about it, there are few differences between subjects that are out of focus and Continue reading

Dynamic occlusion – Symbolism

In the previous article, we saw the effect of lens flares in motion. Now let’s put that in practice with all other sorts of moving overlays and obstacles. A ‘squeegee’ — think of a sweeping windscreen wiper — is a dynamic obstacle Continue reading

Lens flares – Fatality, anxiety

In part 1, we saw that lens flares could be used to depict memories or give a touch of confusion and unreality. But lens flares are also often used to emphasize hopeless situations and convey a sense of fatality, as well as Continue reading

Psychic shot scale – The Extreme Close Shot (Part 2)

In the second part of this article, we will focus on Extreme Close Shots (ECS) in dialogs, and see that staging in depth this shot scale is still possible, but at the cost of dealing with very shallow depth of field. Continue reading

Mental shot scales – The Close Shots (Part 1)

Close Shots? Why would there be a need for different Close Shots (CS)? Isn’t one CS enough? Before we dive into their definitions and uses, I’d like to show you some stunning examples from famous movies. As you’ll see, they demonstrate the need for different CSs better than a lengthy speech. Continue reading