Wanted

Repetition – Sound (Part 2)

Repetition of sound can strongly affect the way the audience perceives the image stream. As repetition of sound feels less invasive and more natural than image repetition, it is all the more insidious — and hence more powerful in that respect — even when the trick is blatantly apparent. Continue reading

Editing – Breaking the 180-degree rule (Part 3)

In part 3, we will see that inverting characters’ positions on screen by breaking the 180-degree rule is a common way to bring out a shift in power between opposing characters. The temporary loss of bearings it causes on the audience’s side is also very frequently used to describe minor to major turning points Continue reading

Editing – The 180-degree rule (Part 2)

As we have seen in part 1, the 180-degree rule is based on two kinds of action planes: ‘directional’ and ‘relational’ planes. Keeping the camera on the same side of those planes during a scene brings a sense of spatial consistency to the shots, even when characters don’t or remotely relate to each other Continue reading

Editing pattern – Nested cut-outs

Less notorious than nested cut-ins, nested cut-outs are common place in action and ‘creative’ movies. This editing pattern incrementally moves the audience away from the action either at a slow or quick pace Continue reading

Scaling down – Have subjects move to the background (Part 1)

Making characters move towards the background scales them down on screen. Unsurprisingly, the emotional response from the audience is more or less the opposite to that associated to having them come to the foreground. But shrinking characters in the frame comes with Continue reading

Scaling up – Truck in (Part 3)

The emotional meaning of some truck-ins we came across in parts 1 & 2 can be extended in a variety of ways to thrill or scare the audience, sometimes in conspicuous and sophisticated designs. As a reminder, Continue reading

Focus – Pointing vs Concealing (Part 1)

In many ways, ‘focus blur’ is very similar to the concept of ‘translucent overlay’, which is why it shows up now. If you think about it, there are few differences between subjects that are out of focus and Continue reading